Laboratory of catalysis of polymerization processes

The laboratory was established in 2008. The Head of the laboratory is S. Kostjuk, Ph.D., Professor.

Directions of the research activity:

– traditional and controlled/«living» cationic polymerization;

– vinyl monomers in an aqueous medium (suspension, dispersion, emulsion);

– isobutylene, dienes and monomers isolated from renewable raw materials, on modified «classical» Lewis acids (AlCl3, RnAlCl3-n);

– development of new approaches to the synthesis of polyisobutylene with terminal olefinic groups;

– synthesis of the biodegradable (co)polymers based on ε-caprolactone, D,L-lactide and glycolide (search for new catalysts (co)polymerization, synthesis of new biomaterials for regenerative medicine);

– synthesis of amphiphilic block copolymers with RITP method;

– development of methods for the synthesis and modification of petroleum resins based on oil refining industrywaste – monomer pyrolysis C5-C9.

Main achievements:

– a number of unique catalytic systems for the cationic polymerization in aqueous media and synthesizing functionalized oligomers of isoprene, styrene and its derivatives has been developed;

– available, cheap and efficient catalytic systems based on complexes of AlCl3 (EtAlCl2 and BuAlCl2) with ethers for the synthesis of polyisobutylene with a high content of exo-olefinic end groups – a key intermediate for the preparation of additives in motor oils and fuels have been proposed;

– effective catalysts for the synthesis of biodegradable (co)polymers with controlled molecular weight and narrow molecular weight distribution have been developed for use in regenerative medicine.



•  technology of production by a catalytic method of petroleum resins for use as a coating formingcomponents in the lacquer paint compositions and sizing component of wood chipboard;
•  technology of production of the oil polymer precursor by a catalytic method for use as a film-forming component in the lacquer paint compositions.


Main publications of the last years:

  1. Rezvova M.A., Yuzhalin A.E., Glushkova T.V., Makarevich M.I., Nikishau P.A., Kostjuk S.V., Klyshnikov K.Yu., Matveeva V.G., Khanova M.Yu., Ovcharenko  E.A.  Biocompatible Nanocomposites Based on Poly(styrene-block-isobutylene-block-styrene) and Carbon Nanotubes for Biomedical Applicatio  // Polymers. 2020. №12.  P.  2158.
  2. Rozentsvet V.A., Sablina N.A.,  Ulyanova D.M., Kuznetsova M.G., Kostjuk S.V., Tolstoy P.M.  A New Approach towards Investigation of Structure of Terminal units of  Poly (1,3-pentadiene) using T2-filtered NMR Spectroscopy //  Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2020. Vol 221. Issue 17.
  3. Vaitusionak A.A., Vasilenko I.V., Sych G., Kashina A.V., Simokaitiene J., Grazulevicius J.V., Kostjuk S.V.Atom-transfer radical homo- and copolymerization of carbazole-substituted styrene and perfluorostyrene //  Eur. Polym. J. 2020. 134: 109843.
  4. Goswami K.G.. Mete S., Chaudhury S.S., Sar P., Ksendzov E., Mukhopadhyay C.D., Kostjuk S.V.,  De P.  Self-Assembly of Amphiphilic Copolymers with Sequence Controlled Alternating Hydrophilic-Hydrophobic Pendant Side Chains // ACS Appl. Polym. Mater. 2020. Vol. 2. №  5.  P. 2035-2045.
  5. Kostjuk  S. V. Controlled cationic polymerization of p-methoxystyrene co-initiated by B(C6F5)3: effect of electron donor and proton trap //  Eur. Polym. J. 2020. 129: 109632.
  6. Bardakova K., Moldagazyyeva Z., Krupinov G., Churbanov S., Minaev N., Timashev P., Kostjuk S.V. Tailoring the Collagen Film Structural Properties via Direct Laser Crosslinking of Star-Shaped Polylactide for Robust Scaffold Formation //  Mater. Sci. Eng. C. 2020. 107: 110300.
  7. Voitekhovich S.V., Lyakhov A.S., Shiman D.I., Grigoriev Yu.V., Ivashkevich L.S., Klose J., Kersting B., Ivashkevich O.A. 1,3-Bis(1-methyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl)propane and its coordination polymers with Cu2Cl4 and Cu3Cl6 units//  Polyhedron.  2020. 190: 114793.  
  8. Rezvova M.A.,  Glushkova T.V.,  Makarevich M.I., Nikishau P.A., Kostjuk S.V., Klyshnikov K.Yu., Ovcharenko E.A. Nanocomposites Based on Biocompatible Thermoelastoplastic and Carbon Nanoparticles for Use in Cardiovascular Surgery//  Russ. J. Appl. Chem. 2020. Vol. 93. P. 1412–1420.
  9. Kostjuk  S.V.Сopolymerization of d,l-lactide and ε-caprolactone using tin(ii) octanoate as catalysts: an insight into copolymer microstructure//  J.  BSU. Chemistry. 2020. № 2. P. 43–49.


  1. Ovcharenko E., Rezvova M., Nikishau P., Kostjuk S., Glushkova T.,  Antonova L., Akentieva T., Shishkova D., Krivikina E., Klyshnikov K., Kudryavtseva Y., Barbarash L.  Polyisobutylene-Based Thermoplastic Elastomers for Manufacturing Polymeric Heart Valve Leaflets: in vitro and in vivo Results // Applied Sciences. 2019. № 9. P. 4773.
  2. Mete S., Goswami K. G., Ksendzov E., Kostjuk S. V., De P.  Modulation of Side Chain Crystallinity in Strictly Alternating Copolymers //  Polym. Chem.2019. Vol. 48. №  10.P. 6588-6599.
  3. Shiman D. I., Vasilenko I. V.,  Kostjuk S. V.  Alkoxy Aluminum Chlorides in the Cationic Polymerization of Isobutylene: Co-Initiator, Carbocation Stabilizer and Chain-Transfer Agent //  Polym. Chem. 2019. № 10. P. 5998–6002.
  4. Berezianko I. A., Vasilenko I. V., Kostjuk S. V. Cationic Polymerization of Isobutylene Co-Initiated by Chloroferrate Imidazole-Based Ionic Liquid: Effect of Initiator and Aromatic Compounds // Eur. Polym. J. 2019. Vol.121. P. 109307.
  5. Shiman D. I.,  Berezianko I.A., Vasilenko I.V., Kostjuk S.V. Cationic Polymerization of Isobutylene and C4 Mixed Feed Using Complexes of Lewis Acids with Ethers: a Comparative Study // Chinese J. Polym. Sci. 2019.Vol. 37. P. 891–897.
  6. Vaitusionak A.A., Vasilenko I.V., Jatautiene E, Simokaitiene J., Tomkeviciene A., Ostrauskaite J., Grazulevicius,J.V., Kostjuk S.V. Organocatalytic Controlled Anionic Ring-Opening Polymerization of Carbazole-Containing Thiiranes // Eur. Polym. J. 2019. Vol. 117. P. 179–187.
  7. Shiman D.I., Sayevich, V., Meerbach C., Nikishau P.A., Vasilenko I.V., Gaponik N., Kostjuk S.V., Lesnyak V. Robust Polymer Matrix Based on Isobutylene (Co)Polymers for Efficient Encapsulation of Colloidal Semiconductor Nanocrystals // ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2019. Vol. 2. P. 956–963.
  8. Rezvova M.A., Ovcharenko E.A., Nikishev P.A., Kostyuk S. V., Glushkova T.V., Trebushat D.V., Chernonosova V.S., Shevelev G. Yu.,  Klyshnikov K.Yu., Kudryavtseva Yu.A., Barabash L. S. Prospects for Using Styrene-Isobutylene-Styrene (SIBS) Triblock Copolymer as a Cusp Material for Leaflet Heart Valve Prostheses: Evaluation of Physicochemical and Mechanical Properties // Russ. J Appl. Chem. 2019. Vol. 92. № 1. P. 9–19.


  1. Hulnik M. I., Vasilenko I. V., Radchenko A. V., Peruch F., Ganachaud F., Kostjuk S. V. Aqueous cationic homo- and co-polymerizations of b-myrcene and styrene: a green route toward terpene-based sustainable elastomers //  Polym. Chem. 2018. № 9. P. 5690–5700
  2. AntipovaT.V., ZhelifonovaV.P., ZaitsevK.V., NedorezovaP.M., AladyshevA.M., KlyamkinaA.N., KostyukS.V., DanilogorskayaA.A., KozlovskyA.G. Biodegradation of Poly-ε-caprolactones and Poly-L-lactides by Fungi // J. Polymers and the Environment. 2018. Vol. 26. P.  4350–4359.
  3. Appiah-Ntiamoah R., Kim H., Gadisa B.T., Baye A.F., Abebe M.W., Kostjuk S.V. Degradation kinetics of polyanethole: A newly synthesized green polymer  // Mater. Chem.and Phys. 2018. Vol.  219. P. 468-477.
  4. Berezianko I.A., Vasilenko I.V., Kostjuk S.V. Acidic Imidazole-Based Ionic Liquids in the Presence of Diisopropyl Ether as Catalysts for the Synthesis of Highly Reactive Polyisobutylene: Effect of Ionic Liquid Nature, Catalyst Aging, and Sonication // Polymer. 2018. Vol. 145. P. 382–390.
  5. Rozentsvet V.A., Kozlov V.G., Stotskaya O.A., Sablina N.A., Peruch F., Kostjuk S.V. Cationic polymerization of isoprene using CF3COOD/TiCl4 initiating system: a new view on the polymerization mechanism // Eur. Polym. J. 2018. Vol. 103. P. 11–20.
  6. Rozentsvet  V.A., Stotskaya J.A., Ivanova V.P., Kuznetsova M.G., Tolstoy P.M., Kostjuk S.V. Structural characterization of polybutadiene synthesized via cationic mechanism // J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem. 2018. Vol.56. P. 387–398.
  7. Bardakova K.N., Grebenik E.A., Istranova E.V., Istranov L. P., Gerasimo, Yu.V., Grosheva A.G., Zharikova T. M., Minaev N.V., Shavkuta B S., Dudova D.S., Kostyuk S. V., Vorob’eva N.N., Bagratashvili V.N., Timashev P.S, Chailakhyan R.K. Reinforced Hybrid Collagen Sponges for Tissue Engineering // Cell Technologies in Biology and Medicine. 2018. Vol. 164. P. 142–147. [Kletochnye Tekhnologii v Biologii i Meditsine, 2018. № 1. P. 31–37.  in Russian].


  1. Vasilenko I.V.,  Vaitusionak A. A., Sutaite J., Tomkeviciene A., Ostrauskaite J., Grazulevicius J.V., Kostjuk S.V. Simultaneous Step-Growth and Chain-Growth Cationic Polymerization of Styrenic Monomers Bearing Carbozolyl Groups // Polymer.  2017. Vol. 129. P. 83–91.
  2. Kuznetsova D,; Timashev P., Ageykin A., Korolev A., Deiwick A., Shpichka A., Solovieva A., Kostjuk S., Meleshina A., Rodimova S., Akovanceva A., Butnaru D., Frolova A., Zagaynova E., Chichkov B., Bagratashvili V., Timashev P. Surface micromorphology of cross-linked tetrafunctional polylactide scaffolds inducing vessel growth and bone formation // Biofabrication. 2017. № 9. 025009. (
  3. Piskun Yu. A., Vasilenko I.V., Zaitsev K.V., Oprunenko Yu. F., Kostjuk S.V. Synthesis of Functional Poly(ε-caprolactone)s via Living Ring-Opening Polymerization of ε-Caprolactone using Functionalized Aluminum Alkoxides as Initiators // Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2017. Vol. 218.  1600580.
  4. Vasilenko I.V., Nikishev P.A., Shiman D.I., Kostjuk S.V. Cationic Polymerization of Isobutylene in Toluene: Toward Well-Defined exo-Olefin Terminated Medium Molecular Weight Polyisobutylenes under Mild Conditions // Polym. Chem. 2017. № 8. P. 1417 –1425.
  5. Rozentsvet V.A., Kozlov V.G., Sablina N.A., Stotskaya O.A., Peruch F., Kostjuk S.V. A new insight into the polymerization mechanism of 1,3-dienes cationic polymerization. IV. Mechanism of unsaturation loss in the polymerization of isoprene // Polym. Chem. 2017. № 8. P. 926–935.
  6. Simkus G., Tomkeviciene A., Volyniuk D., Kostjuk S.V., Grazulevicius J.V. Synthesis and properties of photocross-linkable carbazole dimers // React. Funct. Polym. 2017. Vol.  110. P. 47–54.
  7. Keruckiene R., Volyniuk D., Ostrauskaite J., Peciulyte L., Grazulevicius J.V., Kostjuk S.V., Lazauskas A. Derivatives of 2-phenylindole and carbazole as host materials for phosphorescent organic light emitting diodes. // Dyes Pigm. 2017. Vol. 137. P.58–68.
  8. MeleshkoT. K., KashinaA. V., SaprykinaN. N., KostyukS. V., VasilenkoI. V., NikishevP. A., YakimanskiA. V. Synthesis and morphology of polycaprolactone–block-polyimide–block-polycaprolactone triblock copolymers for film separation membranes// Russ. J. Appl. Chem. 2017. Vol. 90. P. 602−612.


  1. Rozentsvet V.A, Kozlov V.G., Korovina N.A., Stotskaya O.A., Gnezdilov O. I., Kostjuk S.V. The Structure of Cationic Polyisoprene: Branching versus Cyclization //  Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics. 2016 Vol. 217, №16. P.1860–1867 DOI: 10.1002/macp.201600129(IF 2.26)
  2. Rozentsvet V.A., Korovina N.A., Stotskaya O.A., Kuznetsova M.G, Peruch F.,. Kostjuk S. V Comprehensive structural characterization of polyisoprene synthesized via cationic mechanism //  Polymer Chemistry. 2016 Vo. 54, № 15. P. 2430–2442DOI: 10.1002/pola.28118  (IF 5.687)
  3. ShimanD.I., VasilenkoI.V., KostjukS.V. Cationic polymerization of isobutylene catalyzed by iBuAlCl2 in the presence of ethers: Effect of catalyst pre-activation and mixture of two ethers // PolymerAmerican Chemical Society. 2016. Vol.99,  №2.P.633–641  DOI: 13.038)
  4. Timashev P., Kuznetsova D., Koroleva A., Prodanets N., Deiwick A., Piskun Y., Bardakova K., Dzhoyashvili N., Kostjuk S., Zagaynova ERochev. Y,Chichkov BBagratashvili V. Novel biodegradable star-shaped polylactide scaffolds for bone regeneration fabricated by two-photon polymerization // Nanomedicine (Lond). 2016 Vol. 11, №9. P.1041-53  DOI:10.2217/nnm-2015-0022.(IF 4.889)
  5. VasilenkoI.V, Berezianko I.A.ShimanD.I., KostjukS.V. New catalysts for the synthesis of highly reactive polyisobutylene: chloroaluminate imidazole-based ionic liquids in the presence of diisopropyl ether // Polym. Chem. 2016. Vol. 7. P.5615-5619 DOI:10.1039/C6PY01325B (IF 5.687)
  6. VasilenkoI.V., GanachaudF., KostjukS.V. New Insights into the Cationic Polymerization in Emulsion Catalyzed by Water-Dispersible Lewis Acid Surfactant Complexes: A Case Study with p-Methoxystyrene // Macromolecules.  2016. Vol.49,  №9. P.3264–3273 DOI:10.1021/acs.macromol.6b00379(IF 5.554)


  1. Vasilenko, I.V.; Yeong, H.Y.; Delgado, M.; Ouardad, S.; Peruch, F.; Voit, B.; Ganachaud, F.; Kostjuk, S.V. A catalyst platform for unique cationic (co)polymerization in aqueous emulsion. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.201554, 12728–12723.
  2. Ouardad, S.; Wirotius, A.-L.; Kostjuk S.V.; Ganachaud, F.; Peruch, F. Carbocationic polymerization of isoprene using cumyl initiators: progress in understanding the side reactions. RSC Advances2015, 5, 59218–59225.
  3. Puguan J.M.C.;Chinnappan, A.; Kostjuk, S.V.; Kim, H. Zirconium dioxide nanofilled poly(vinylidene fluoride-hexafluoropropylene) complexed with lithium trifluoromethanesulfonate as composite polymer electrolyte for electrochromic devices. MaterResBull., 201569, 104–111.
  4. Piskun, Yu.A., Vasilenko, I.V., Zaitsev, K.V., Karlov S.S., Zaitseva G.S., Gaponik L.V., Kostjuk S.V. Controlled homo- and copolymerization of e-caprolactone and D,L-lactide by titanium (IV) complexes. Russ. Chem. Bull.2015, 64, 181–188.
  5. Kostjuk S.V.; Vasilenko, I.V.; Shiman, D.I.; Frolov, A.N.; Gaponik, L.V. Highly Reactive Polyisobutylenes via Cationic Polymerization of Isobutylene by AlCl3/Ether Complexes in Non-polar Media: Scope and Limitations. Macromol. Symp.,2015349, 94–103.
  6. Kostjuk, S.V. Recent progress in the Lewis acids co-initiated cationic polymerization of isobutylene and 1,3-dienes. RSC Advances20155, 13125–13144