Technology of Electroplating of Nickel–Boron Coating on Different Substances Instead of Gold, Silver, Palladium, Chromium and Nickel

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Patent of Belarus 30
Patent of Russia 205843

Protective functional nickel-boron coating may be deposited on the different metal substances such as copper, brass, beryllium bronze, steel, kovar, tungsten, aluminium and aluminium alloys etc. Technology of deposition of nickel–boron coatings is based on the electroplating of two–component alloys. Nickel–boron coating is characterized by low contact resistance, high microhardness and wear resistance, enhanced corrosion stability, solderability and ability of welding witch ultrasound.

Used In:

  • instrument-making
  • radio engineering
  • microelectronics

Polycrystalline coating Ni–B (1–6 at. % B) is used

  • for making printed circuit board (instead of the gold and palladium coatings or as the underlayer for very thin coatings of gold)
  • in production of contacts and contacting devices (instead of gold and silver coatings)

Amorphous coating Ni–B (16–25 at. % B) is used

  • for production of instruments (instead of chromium)
  • for fabrication of coolers used in the production of fiberglass
  • for production of cutting disks for processing raw diamond materials

Technical Data of the Nickel-Plating Solution and Coating Ni-B:

plating rate for stationary bath, μ/h


plating rate for drum and bell type of bath, μ/h


deposition temperature, °C


boron complex used is characterized by high chemical stability

microhardness (Vickers test), GPa


microhardness after annealing (300 °C, 1 hour), GPa


contact resistance, mOhm


wear resistance, (Ni–B), mm3


wear resistance, (Ni), mm3


bond resistance with aluminium conductor, g


high corrosion stability to salt (sea) fog, solar radiation, ambient temperature variations (thermocycling), low pressure,
condensed precipitation environment (rime, rain, dew), high humidity and static dust


the technology of electroplating of nickel–boron coating is material- and resource-saving



·         simple in exploitation and can be used for a long period of time in variable conditions
·         decrease of the production cost
·         allows deposition of amorphous alloys at low temperatures

 Technology was Implemented at:

  • Minsk Watch Plant  (Minsk), Zenith (Mogilev), Enef (Molodechno) for production of printed circuit boards;
  • Screen (Borisov), Electromechanical Plant  (Minsk), Mechanical Plant in the name of S.I.Vavilov (Minsk), Nomacon (Minsk) or production of contacts, contacting devices, instruments: etc.;
  • Crystal (Gomel) or production of cutting disks for processing raw diamond material;
  • Polotsk–Steklovolokno for coolers used in production of fiberglass.

 Forms of Cooperation: Selling of technology. Experimental researches according to contracts.